A stock-take report of G20 nations to “assess the collective progress” towards the agreed goals states that while none of the G20 nations’ determined emission contributions for 2030 are in line with the Paris Agreement, India’s emission targets are the most ambitious and close to the 1.5°C limit.
Carbon dioxide emissions contribute the most to the overall GHG emissions and in India, these emissions have more than tripled since 1990. The report pins the blame on power generation and industries.
Moreover, the share of fossil fuels in India’s energy mix has increased reflecting a trend away from traditional biomass.
India still does not have a 2050 emission target when its floor area is expected to increase by 400% and energy demand from buildings by 800 per cent.
Experts rank India as medium on national climate policy, noting that it has deployed a significant amount of renewable energies, but they also highlight that targets for planned sector expansion are insufficient. This is because India lacks policies to reduce fossil fuels to curb emissions.
Reference- Down To Earth, The Hindu