April Hottest On Record, Scientists Probe Earth’s Tipping Point!

The world just witnessed its hottest April ever, extending an unprecedented streak of record-breaking temperatures. The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), the European Union’s climate monitoring service, confirmed that April 2024 was the hottest April on record. This extends an incredible run of eleven consecutive months where each month surpassed temperature records.

A 12-Month High

According to C3S, every month since June 2023 has been the hottest ever recorded for that specific month. When compared to the pre-industrial period (1850-1900), the average global temperature for the past twelve months – which includes April – is a staggering 1.61 degrees Celsius higher.

Tipping Point Concerns

These temperature extremes, particularly record-high sea surface temperatures, have scientists worried that human activity may have pushed the Earth’s climate system to a tipping point. “The question of whether the climate system has shifted is one many scientists are asking,” said Julien Nicolas, a Senior Climate Scientist at C3S.

Cause and Effect

The primary culprit for climate change is greenhouse gas emissions, largely caused by the burning of fossil fuels. Recent months have also seen a rise in temperatures due to the El Nino weather phenomenon, which warms surface waters in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Experts predict El Nino will fade by June, potentially replaced by La Nina in the latter half of 2024.

Looking Ahead

These developments paint a concerning picture. The relentless rise in global temperatures underscores the urgency of addressing climate change. Curbing greenhouse gas emissions and transitioning to renewable energy sources are crucial steps to mitigate the crisis.

Reference- Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), Scientific American, National Weather Service’s Climate Prediction Center (CPC), National Geographic